D-Glossary

Animas Ping – The brand of insulin pump I’m currently
using.

 

BG – Blood glucose, blood sugar, sugar, etc. The level of
glucose floating around in my blood stream. A good number for me? Anywhere in
the range of 70-130.

 

Basal Rate (Basals) – A programmed, steady amount of insulin
based on how much is needed for certain time periods via my insulin pump. This
can also be associated with “basal insulin”, or long-acting (12-24hr) insulin,
for people on shots.

 

Bolus – A large, quick burst of insulin that I program into
my pump to cover foods eaten or to bring down a high blood sugar (see:
correction bolus
).

 

Cannula – a thin plastic tube that is inserted via a needle
(the needle is removed after insertion) into the skin and left for 48-72 hours
for the delivery of insulin.

 

Carbs – Carbohydrates. The major component in figuring a
bolus for foods.

 

Cartridge / Reservoir – the plastic, tubular shaped thing
that holds my insulin inside of my pump.

 

CGM (or CGMS) – Continuous Glucose Monitor(ing) System. The
little egg-shaped device that is used to monitor my blood sugar 24/7. A
transmitter that is stuck to my body “reads” my blood sugar via a sensor wire
left under the skin and transmits the number to the egg-shaped device which
keeps track of the glucose readings over time. It is very helpful in catching
unfelt low or high blood sugars, as well as helping to identify where problem
areas in my diabetes treatment may be so we can correct them.

 

Combo Bolus – A bolus where some insulin is delivered
immediately, and the rest given over time. For example: a 60/40/2hr combo bolus
would be one where 60% is given immediately, and the other 40% is given over the
next 2 hours.

 

Correction Bolus – Bolus used to bring down a high blood
sugar.

 

Correction Factor – A mathematical formula used to determine
how much insulin I need to bring down a high blood sugar.

 

CWD – Child or children with diabetes.

 

DKA – Diabetic Ketoacidosis. A condition where the blood
sugar is dangerously high for too long and ketones (see: ketones) that
have been produced by the body are at a dangerous, possibly life-threatening
level.

 

Dexcom – The company that makes my CGM.

 

D- – Diabetes-related

 

D’s – Diabetics

 

Diabetes – a metabolic disease where the pancreas no longer
produces insulin at all (Type 1 and Type 1.5), not enough (Type 1.5 and Type 2),
or the body can no longer use what it makes properly (Type 2).

 

Endo – Endocrinologist. The doctor who specializes in
metabolic diseases, such as my diabetes and hypothyroidism.

 

Extended Bolus – A bolus where no insulin is given
immediately, rather 100% is spanned out over a period of time. This is good for
things like “grazing” at parties where you’re eating over time, not just a
sit-down meal.

 

Glucagon – A hormone secreted by the pancreas, raises blood glucose
levels. Its effect is opposite that of insulin, which lowers blood
glucose levels. The pancreas releases glucagon when blood sugar (glucose) levels
fall too low. Glucagon causes the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose, which is released into
the bloodstream. Glucagon also stimulates the release of insulin, so glucose can
be taken up and used by insulin-dependent tissues. Thus, glucagon and insulin
are part of a feedback system that keeps blood glucose levels at a stable level.
Glucagon belongs to a family of several
other related hormones
. (ref: Wikipedia)

 

Glucagon Kit (The red box) – an emergency kit containing a
vial and syringe used when blood sugars are dangerously low in a diabetic.

 

Glucose Tabs – Pressed glucose powder tablets used to raise
blood sugar when low.

 

IC Ratio – Insulin-to-carbohydrate Ratio. A mathematical
formula used to determine how much insulin is needed for foods consumed.

 

Infusion Set – The whole kit-and-caboodle that goes with an
insulin pump – The infusion site, tubing, and cartridge.

 

Infusion Site – A spot on the skin where either a needle or
cannula is left under the skin to deliver insulin into the subcutaneous fat
layer to be absorbed into the blood stream.

 

ISF – Insulin Sensitivity Factor. A mathematical formula
used to determine how sensitive I am to insulin and how much can be used to
bring down a high blood sugar. Also known as the correction factor.

 

Insulin – the hormone that makes it possible to keep a
balance of blood glucose in your body. Diabetics either do not make this at all
(Type 1 and Type 1.5), not enough (Type 1.5 and Type 2), or the body can no
longer use what it makes properly (Type 2).

 

Insulin Pump – a pager sized device that delivers insulin
via tubing or pod to an infusion site placed on the body in subcutaneous
fat.

 

IV Prep – A pad soaked in solution to clean and prep the
skin for a new infusion site.

 

Ketones – a dangerous, acidic byproduct of dangerously high
blood sugar that is caused by the body breaking down fat for energy since there
is not enough insulin in the body to transport the glucose out of the blood
stream and into the hungry cells. This can also happen when blood sugar is low
for a long period of time  from too much insulin and not enough glucose in the
blood stream for energy.

 

MG/DL – Milligrams per deciliter. This is the measurement of
glucose given by my meter.

 

Meter – Bg meter, glucose meter, dang meter. Device used to
measure the amount of glucose in my body via a test strip.

 

Non-D’s – Non-diabetics. (also see: PWoD)

 

Pancreas – The tongue-shaped organ in the body that, in a
non-diabetic, produces insulin along with other needed hormones to keep the body
in check.

 

Pricker – Lancet device, lancet, stabber, poker. The device
used to “prick” my finger to draw blood for testing.

 

PWD – Person with Diabetes.

 

PWoD – Person without Diabetes.

 

Skin-Tac – Skin glue used to help infusion sites and CGM
sites stick better, especially during the sweaty summer months.

 

Tegaderm – a thin, clear patch – sorta like a bandaid
without the cotton pad, used to cover infusion sites or CGM sites to help them
stick longer.

 

Test-strip – Those little strips placed in the glucose meter
that, when blood is applied, do their magic and help my meter read what my blood
glucose is.

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-diabetic terms I may use:

 

WTF: This could mean What The F***, but in my words, it
means “What The Freak”.

 

Geewillikers: Gee-whiz, Good-golly, holy-moly, etc….

 

OMG: Oh my gosh, Oh my goodness

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